Animal-to-animal transmission or after handling animals:
- Diseased poultry or poultry incubating disease;
- Animal/bird carcasses;
- Animals other than poultry (pets, rodents, insects, wild birds and other wildlife);
Tools, equipment and personal protective equipment or clothing:
- Clothing and shoes of visitors and employees moving from farm-to-farm, between animal groups or production areas on-farm;
- Shared and unsanitised equipment such as rakes, brooms, cell phones and more.
- Contaminated feed, water, bedding and soil;
- On contaminated farm equipment and vehicles
- In airborne particles and dust blown by the wind and exhaust fans.
- pests such as pigeons, rats, or other insects.
Best practice states that staff/visitors should practice biosecurity safety before entering the barn or entryway. This includes:
Note: Hand sanitizer has an expiration date and must contain at least 60% alcohol to be effective.