The Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) and the Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs (OMAFRA) have regulatory authority that requires reporting to them certain diseases. They may apply movement and quarantine restrictions and order depopulation in certain circumstances.
Federally reportable diseases are outlined in the Health of Animals Act and Regulations. The law requires immediate notification to CFIA of the presence of an animal that has or is suspected of having one of these diseases.
Provincially, immediately notifiable diseases are outlined in the Animal Health Act and Regulations. Animal health laboratories are required to report positive test results for immediately notifiable diseases to the office of the Chief veterinarian for Ontario (CVO).
Veterinarians are also required to report significant health issues in a flock. If you suspect your flock is infected with a reportable or notifiable disease, contact your veterinarian immediately. Your veterinarian will contact the CFIA district veterinarian or the office of the CVO. Disease response will be determined by the regulatory body.
Examples of Reportable Diseases in Poultry Include:
• Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza
• Velogenic (Highly Pathogenic) Newcastle Disease
• Salmonella gallinarum
• Salmonella pullorum
Get prepared by:
Working with your veterinarian to have a “disease response plan” in place for suspected cases of contagious or reportable diseases. A disease response plan should include triggers for activating the response plan, the required contact list and initial actions.